19 January

District level job losses up to 13% 經濟衰退—地區損失逾13%職位

District level job losses up to 13%

The impact of COVID on our economy is accelerating. While Government reported an overall unemployment rate of 6.6%, a study of district data by ‘Designing Hong Kong’ shows local impacts vary.  Job losses in the Southern District is 13% for the year ending September 2020. Some industries at district level show job losses of over 50%.

Percentage change of job number by district

Red colour represents a shrinking job market while green colour represents a growing job market. The data reflects the change in job number in each district between September 2019 and September 2020.

Compared with the latest available data, we have lost more than 125 000 jobs compared with the data of the third quarter one year ago. This accounts for 4.4% of the job market. Import/export trade and wholesale, and accommodation and food services suffered the most. More than 10% of the jobs or nearly 100 000 jobs were lost in these industries in one year.

Traditional commercial centres such as the Central and Western District, Wan Chai District and Yau Tsim Mong District suffered greatly from the economic recession. In these districts, the import/export and wholesale; accommodation and food services; and retail suffered and lead to 10.5%, 8.6% and 6.9% loses in jobs in these districts respectively.

The economies of the Southern District and North District suffered most. Their job markets lost 13.2% and 12.1% of the jobs. This means that one out of every eight jobs were lost during the pandemic. This is worrisome as nearly half (Southern District: 48.3%; North District 53.8%) of the jobs in some districts are taken up by local residents.

Meanwhile, three districts recorded an increase in jobs. Wong Tai Sin and Tsuen Wan showed an 11.5% and 6.9% increase in jobs. It appears to be primarily industries which benefit from changes in consumer behaviour in times of Covid, including food and courier services representing online shopping and centralised food preparation.

Analyses of the performance of the different industries in each district give out hints of possible longer term shifts in the economy. In Kwun Tong, import/export and wholesale are the largest job sectors and these lost 8 555 jobs last year. On the other hand, administrative and supporting services industries have gained more than 7 000 jobs, further strengthening their position as the second largest industry in Kwun Tong. Similarly, in Yuen Long, real estate and education industries lost some 2 600 jobs. These were compensated by a rise in jobs in the accommodation and food services, and manufacturing industries.

To identify the challenges facing the Hong Kong economy in times of Covid we need to look at the performance of industries at district levels. It is not simply about the banking industry, or the Greater Bay Area. We need to uncover opportunities for Hong Kong at district level. We need to embrace this ‘re-set’ to discover new opportunities and restructure our economy. We need to develop a more resilient and more vibrant economy in every district.

 

Click here for detailed breakdown of the performance of the job market in each district this last year.

 

Learn more about District Economy:

Fixing the economy, one district at at time

Understanding the economies of Hong Kong’s districts

 

Source:

Census and Statistics Department (2020). Number of establishments and persons engaged (other than those in the Civil Service) analysed by industry section, District Council district and sex.

經濟衰退—地區損失逾13%職位

疫情對香港經濟的影響逐漸浮現,政府報告的最新失業率升至6.6%。創建香港早前研究了各地區的就業環境,發現疫情對各區的影響有所不同。截至2020年9月,南區的職位數目下跌了13%,為全港之冠。在地區層面,部份行業的職位數目更減少了一半。

Percentage change of job number by district

紅色代表萎縮的就業市場,而綠色代表增長的市場。數據反映了2019年9月至2020年9月之間每個地區的職位數目變化。

根據政府提供最新的數據,與一年前的第三季度比較,我們損失了超過125 000個職位,佔了就業市場的4.4%。當中進出口貿易及批發和住宿及膳食服務兩個行業受最大打撃。一年間兩個行業各自損失了超過10%的職位,合共令就業市場減少了接近十萬個職位。

疫情對傳統的商業中心例如中西區、灣仔區和油尖旺區造成嚴重的打擊。受到進出口貿易及批發、住宿及膳食服務及零售業的萎縮,這三區分別流失了10.5%、8.6%及6.9%的職位。

全港18區中,南區和北區的就業市場受到最大的打擊。兩區的就業市場分別萎縮了13.2%及12.1%,這代表在疫情期間損失了八份一的職位。更令人擔憂的是,這兩個地區的職位中,有大約一半的職位(南區48.3%;北區53.8%)都聘請了當區居民(更多有關本區就業的數據),因此職位的減少對當區的經濟名居民帶來極大的影響。

雖然整體的就業市場持續萎縮,但有三區的職位數目卻有所提升。當中黃大仙區11.5%的增幅最為突出,而荃灣亦有6.9%的增長。仔細查看各行業的變動,可以發展兩區的住宿及膳食服務和運輸、倉庫、郵政及速遞服務皆有顯著的升幅,這可能與疫情間消費模式改變有關。

細看各個地區的職位變化亦可以找出部份地區未來的發展方向。以觀塘為例,進出口貿易及批發是該區的最大行業,但在過去一年卻失去了8 555個職位。但另一方面,行政及支援服務比去年提供多超過7 000個職位,進一步鞏固它們在觀塘第二大產業的地位。同樣地,元朗的地產及教育合共在去年失去了大約2 600個職位,但住宿及膳食服務及製造業的擴張卻彌補了這些損失。

在這個充滿挑戰的經濟環境下尋找出路,我們不應只將目光放在金融業或大灣區發展,更需要了解我們社區的經濟表現,去發掘各區獨有的機遇。我們應該藉此機會去「重新設置」我們的城市,去調整我們的經濟架構和發掘更多的可能性,從而令各個地區都發展出一套更多元化及具韌性的經濟。

按此去了解各區去年的就業市場表現。

 

了解更多有關地區經濟:

改善經濟,由地區做起

發展香港地區經濟

 

資料來源:

政府統計處(2020)。按行業主類、區議會分區及性別劃分的機構單位數目及就業人數(公務員除外)

30 December

Fixing the economy, one district at a time 改善經濟,由地區做起

Fixing the economy, one district at a time

With the pressure on employment, Hong Kong will need to rethink job opportunities. With three simple visuals we offer three reasons why District Councils must get involved:
1.    The number of job opportunities in their district.

job opp
2.    The proportion of jobs taken up by local residents.

work population
3.    The proportion of local residents who work in their own district.

same district
Employment is top heavy around Victoria Harbour. Residents working in their own district is especially evident in Central & Western and Tsim Sha Tsui. Districts with few job opportunities see most of those jobs taken up by local residents – up to 81% in Tuen Mun.

These statistics do not answer all the questions. They do indicate the importance of district councillors to get involved. Understanding which industries can help improve employment requires a healthy amount of local knowledge (see details).Growing local economies is not simply about arts and craft, community markets or tourism. The absence of floor space designated for commercial uses hampers job opportunities in the NT. In the Southern District it is about reorganising Aberdeen Harbour and allowing the marine industry to grow. The underutilised Tolo Harbour is an obvious opportunity in the Taipo District. These investments will directly benefit local residents.

Each district has their own challenges and offer their own opportunities. It is upon the District Councillors and the Commerce and Economic Development Bureau to “deep dive” district by district to develop a strategy and action plan to address the growing unemployment.
改善經濟,由地區做起

本港經濟及就業市場持續低迷,我們需要重新思考發展社區經濟的可能性。通過三個簡單的地圖,讓我們解釋區議會為何應該協助發展地區經濟:
1. 各區職位數目
2. 本區就業百分比
3. 居民佔本區職位百分比

本港的就業集中於維多利亞港兩岸,因此無論是職位數目或本區就業百分比,中西區及油尖旺區都名列前矛。同時,新界區雖然就業機會較少,但本地居民卻填補了大多數的職位,當中屯門區的數據更高達81%。

這些數據雖未能帶出解決方法,卻提供了一個機遇讓議員能對症下藥。議員能透過整合現有的資料(按此參閱各區詳細就業資訊),在區內進行研究及對當區的了解,去推動該區的可持續就業機會。現時商業用的樓面面積集中在港九,令新界等欠缺就業機會,因此發展地區經濟並不限於開拓新的工業、擴闊區內的市場或發展旅遊業,而是要集中資源去發掘各區的優勢。在南區這關乎香港仔漁港及其他海洋產業的發展。而大埔區可能需要加以利用吐露港這個天然資源並整合現存的工業。

各區都有不同的問題和限制,但因此卻可以為香港帶來各種的機遇。了解過自己的地區後,便可以與商務及經濟發展局協商,就各區的獨特情況製定相應的策略和行動,從地區做起,改善本港的就業環境。

30 October

Understanding the economies of Hong Kong’s districts 發展香港地區經濟

With jobless numbers rapidly rising, there is an urgent need for Hong Kong’s district councillors to focus on the economies of their constituencies.

We produced a booklet offering basic information on jobs, industries and their locations.  Download here
香港失業數字越來越高,區議員有迫切需要關注地區經濟。
小冊子提供了18區工作,行業及公司位置等基本資料,歡迎下載

booklet

地區經濟:18區機構數目及就業人數 Jobs and Establishments in 19 Districts  (2019年數據 Data in 2019 )
Published Date 出版日期: 30/10/2020
Pages 頁數: 60

URL: http://www.designinghongkong.com/v4/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Summary-of-District-Economy-DHK.pdfWorking with District Councillors throughout Hong Kong

This video briefly explains the booklet and how the information can be used to identify new growth opportunities, taking Southern District as an example.
我們亦準備了短片,簡介小冊子及如何用數據分析地區經濟(以南區為例)。

Presentation slides 短片簡報片
aberdeen